Direction: Explain or give an example on how each of the following below
contribute to the breaking down of rocks:
WATER gets into cracks and joints in bedrock. When the water freezes it expands and the cracks are opened a little wider. Over time pieces of rock can split off a rock face and big boulders are broken into smaller rocks and gravel.
Forces like WIND and water break down rocks through the processes of weathering and erosion. … Forces like wind and water move the rock pieces. They mix with matter like sand to become sediment. Weathering and erosion help shape Earths surface.
Weathering is the breaking down or dissolving of rocks and minerals on Earths surface. Once a rock has been broken down, a process called erosion transports the bits of rock and minerals away. … Water, ice, acids, salts, plants, animals, and changes in temperature are all agents of weathering.
PLANTS and animals can be agents of mechanical weathering. The seed of a tree may sprout in soil that has collected in a cracked rock. As the roots grow, they widen the cracks, eventually breaking the rock into pieces.
When ICE melts, liquid water performs the act of erosion by carrying away the tiny rock fragments lost in the split. This specific process (the freeze-thaw cycle) is called frost weathering or cryofracturing. Temperature changes can also contribute to mechanical weathering in a process called thermal stress.